Peace negotiations began in Paris in April 1782 and lasted all summer. The United States represented Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens and John Adams. David Hartley and Richard Oswald represented Great Britain. The treaty was drafted on 30 November 1782 and signed by Adams, Franklin, Jay, and Hartley on 3 Sept. 1783 at the Hôtel d`York (now rue Jacob 56) in Paris. [6] As a result, the terms of the Treaty of Paris were very favorable to the United States, with Britain making major concessions. Shelburne and other British diplomats had pursued a strategy of dispersing the alliance by beginning negotiations for a separate peace with France`s allies. Although these efforts with the Netherlands failed, U.S. negotiators were receptive to the idea of separate negotiations because they saw these negotiations as the clearest way to ensure recognition of U.S. independence in a final peace settlement. French Foreign Minister Charles Gravier, Count of Vergennes, agreed to separate negotiations, but not a separate peace.

The final contract was signed on 3 September 1783 at the Hôtel d`York at 56 rue Jacob. On the same day, France, Spain and the Netherlands signed separate agreements with the United Kingdom. These separate peace treaties between supporters of America and Britain are known as the Peace of Paris. The Treaty of Paris was signed by American and British representatives on September 3, 1783, ending the American Revolutionary War. Based on a provisional treaty of 1782, the agreement recognized the independence of the United States and granted the United States significant Western territory. The 1783 treaty is part of a series of treaties signed in Paris in 1783 that also created peace between Britain and the allied nations of France, Spain and the Netherlands. Historians have often pointed out that the treaty was very generous to the United States in terms of significantly expanded borders. Historians such as Alvord, Harlow and Ritcheson have pointed out that British generosity was based on a statesman`s vision of close economic ties between Britain and the United States.

The concession of the vast trans-Appalachian region was intended to facilitate the growth of the American population and to create lucrative markets for British merchants without incurring military or administrative costs for Britain. [8] The fact was that the United States would become an important trading partner. As French Foreign Minister Vergennes later said, “The English buy peace instead of creating it.” [2] Vermont was included in the boundaries because New York State insisted that Vermont was part of New York, even though Vermont was then under a government that did not consider Vermont to be part of the United States. [17] The provisional articles of the Treaty of Paris were signed on 30 November 1782. America was represented by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay and Henry Laurens. Britain was represented by Richard Oswald and David Hartle. France signed provisional articles in January 1783. The experience of the French and Indian wars did not bring the British and Americans closer together in many ways. The British troops looked at the colonialists. Americans were considered rough, without culture. The pious inhabitants of New England found the British redcoats profane. The people of New England did not take orders.

There was considerable resistance to helping the British, until Pitt promised to compensate the colonists. Smugglers continued to trade with French and Spanish enemies throughout the war. There were indeed considerable tensions. The U.S. Continental Congress ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784, France in March 1784, and Great Britain in April of the same year. The ratified versions were exchanged in Paris on 12 May 1784. Franklin revealed the Anglo-American agreement to Vergennes, who objected to the way it had been concluded, but was willing to accept the agreement as part of broader peace negotiations, and agreed to grant the United States another loan that Franklin had requested. When Spanish forces failed to capture Gibraltar, Vergennes managed to convince the Spanish government to accept peace as well.

Negotiators abandoned an earlier complicated plan to redistribute each other`s undefeated colonies into one that largely preserves existing Spanish and French territorial gains. .