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PARIS, TREATY OF (1763). The Treaty of Paris of 1763, forged between Great Britain, France and Spain, ended the French and Indian war. By the end of the war, Britain had acquired military supremacy over the French in North America. The terms of the contract reflected Britain`s dominant position: France ceded all of Canada to Great Britain, the British crossed the border of their continental colonies west of the Mississippi River, and the British obtained full navigation rights on the river. Cuba, conquered by the British, was returned to Spain, which in return had ceded eastern Florida and western Florida to Britain. In compensation for its losses, Spain received from France, by the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762), the entire area west of the Mississippi River and the island and the city of New Orleans. France kept only the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon off the south coast of Newfoundland, with the privilege of fishing and drying fish along the north and west coasts of Newfoundland, as stipulated in the Treaty of Utrecht (1713). In western India, Britain has guarded the islands of St. Vincent, Tobago and Dominica; St Lucia, Martinique and Guadeloupe were brought back to France.

The Treaty of Paris left only two great colonial empires in the Western Hemisphere, the British and the Spanish. Thus this complex conflict ended on September 3, 1783, and the United States gained its independence and, by gaining land between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River, they made the foundation stone of what would become a huge country. As a result, the conditions in Paris were very favourable to the United States, with Great Britain making major concessions. Despite the desire for peace, many members of the British Parliament opposed the return of all gains made during the war. What is remarkable in the opposition is former Prime Minister William Pitt, the elder, who warned that the terms of the treaty would lead to new conflicts as soon as France and Spain had time to rebuild and who later said: “Peace was uncertain because it brought the enemy back to its former greatness. Peace was insufficient because the places won were not equivalent for abandoned places. [23] The treaty was adopted by 319 votes to 65. [24] Frontier (large and large achievement) and secure navigation along the Mississippi River for British and American citizens (although the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico passed through Spanish-controlled New Orleans); The treaty also granted the Americans fishing rights before the big banks in Newfoundland and the right to cure fish in uninhabited parts of the neighbouring land, but not in Newfoundland.