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Historians have often commented that the treaty is very generous with the United States with respect to the greatly expanded borders. Historians such as Alvord, Harlow and Ritcheson have pointed out that British generosity is based on a state vision of close economic relations between Britain and the United States. The concession of the vast trans-leaseaway region should facilitate the growth of the American population and create lucrative markets for British traders, without Britain inculling military or administrative costs. [8] The aim was to make the United States an important trading partner. As the French Foreign Minister, Mr. Vergennes, said later: “The British buy peace instead of doing it.” [2] Vermont was admitted to the borders because New York State insisted that Vermont be part of New York, while Vermont was then under the government that did not consider Vermont to be part of the United States. [17] Congress ratified provisional peace articles that ended the revolutionary war with Britain on April 15, 1783. The British government decided to oppose the acceptance of American independence as a precondition for negotiation, knowing that the French government was almost bankrupt and that British reinforcements sent to western India could reverse the situation at any time (the fleet was commanded by Admiral Rodney, back in England just before the French fleet , just before the French fleet sailed north to block Yorktown; He also had many complaints about his looting of the caribbean island of St. Eustatius – in short, a glorious victory was his only option). The British negotiator sent to Paris was Richard Oswald, a former slave trade partner of Henry Laurens, who had been one of his visitors to the Tower of London. His initial discussions with Franklin led to a proposal for Britain to pass on Canada to the Americans. On 23 April, Lord Shelburne replied, without concrete reference to the terms of this proposal, which he kept secret in front of almost all his colleagues, by proposing to accept full American independence, but the existing limits.

A second British emissary, Thomas Grenville (unsaddropped with Canada`s proposal), was sent to begin discussions with the French government on the basis of this proposal. He suggested that the French could help secure American independence, their reason for going to war in 1778 by proposing to return the British goods they had conquered in West India, but the French opposed it and separated their own claims for peace from those of America.