At the summit, Benin and Nigeria signed the agreement, so Eritrea is the only African state not to be part of the agreement; Since then, Eritrea has applied to join the agreement. Gabon and Equatorial Guinea also tabled their ratifications at the summit. At the time of launch, there were 27 states that had ratified the agreement. [45] [47] [49] At their meeting in Nairobi, Kenya, representatives of the nations – the members of the Customs Union and the Common Market of the East African Community (EAC) are members of the Customs Union and the Common Market of the East African Community (EAC) who have stated that they will undertake reforms to facilitate trade , including the removal of “non-tariff barriers” such as the rules for incriminating and incompatible products. The EU-EAC EPA covers trade in goods and development cooperation. It also contains a chapter on fisheries, which focuses on strengthening cooperation on sustainable use of resources. The agreement provides for continued negotiations on services and trade rules in the future. As of 11 November, only 30 AU member states had ratified the AfCFTA agreement. As soon as the agreement comes into force, 90% of products in Africa will be duty-free, 7% for sensitive products and the remaining 3% for exclusion. Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016 and Kenya ratified it.

In order for the EPA to enter into force, the remaining three EAC members must sign and ratify the agreement. In order to facilitate the implementation of the free trade area, the following institutions have been set up. As a result of the Phase II negotiations, additional committees may be set up through minutes. [38] South Africa, Sierra Leone, Namibia, Lesotho and Burundi have since signed the AfCFTA at the 31st African Union Summit in Nouakchott. [50] Since July 2019, 54 states have signed the agreement. [51] It is assumed that the Nairobi meeting is the first time that a regional bloc has met at this level in Africa to commit to implementing reforms to facilitate trade, in the light of afCFTA and the WTO agreement on trade facilitation. The reasons for this neglect of these neighbouring markets are quite clear and go beyond the usual considerations of low per capita income.