A Deferred Repression Agreement (DPA) is a mechanism for resolving proceedings against a company that is essentially an unofficial form of parole. Although generally used to solve criminal proceedings, civil enforcement authorities such as the SEC have begun to use it. Discussions on the possible implementation of a prosecution agreement in Canada began in February 2016. Prior to the CCA, Canada already had a “prosecutorial discretion” that “allowed insulting companies to negotiate a non-criminal penalty for a misdemeanor.” [9] In June 2018, Canada adopted a CCA through provisions of the C-74 omnibus budget implementation act, which amended the penal code. [10] [11] According to the Law Times, the data protection authority is changing the way Canadian courts prosecute economic crime, which involves a redress system in which offenders can escape conviction if they “cooperate with the Crown and the courts.” [10] The Times quoted Ottawa-based lawyer Patrick McCann as saying that the DPA would “align Canada with many other countries that have deferred policing agreements, including the United States, the United Kingdom and most other European countries.” [10] According to McCann, the data protection authority “deals with the injustice of the situation if you have a large company that has a senior rogue officer,” who has committed a crime for which the entire company is held responsible. [10] McCann stated that the CCA was fair to investors in companies that were innocent of any wrongdoing. [10] Perhaps because of the Arthur Andersen case – and the many innocent employees who found themselves in need as a result of these lawsuits – the resolution of a case by a data protection authority has become more frequent in recent years. According to a study, the Department of Justice has concluded more than 150 such agreements with defendants between 2015 and 2017. 1 Deferred Prosecution Agreements – the perspective of England and Wales, sfo.gov.uk, 14.09.20162 Deferred Prosecution Agreements – Public Consultation, ag.gov.au, 02.05.20163 Australia is considering the introduction of Deferred Prosecution Agreements, Clifford Chance, July 2016 Under a DPA, the government will file a complaint against an accused, but says it is prepared not to proceed in these charges. In return, the defendant agrees to meet certain requirements or conditions.